Tribes/Nation

The Negrito tribe is divided into 6 tribes, which is Kensiu, Kintak, Lanoh, Jahai, Mendriq and Bateq.

Kensiu

The Kensiu people live in the suburbs in the Baling District, Kedah. A long time ago the Kensiu people liked to live a nomadic life finding a suitable place for food source. Ever since the government gave attention to the development of the people, the Kensiu people now have an opportunity to change their way of life to be on par with the general public. There is one Kensiu village in the district of Baling, Kedah which is the Lubuk Legong Village.

At this time the Lubuk Legong Village has been equipped with electrical facilities, water supply and other infrastructures such as a Town Hall and a Children’s Counselling Centre. Their main revenue source is from Rubber plantation developed by RISDA in collaboration with the Department of Orang Asli Development. Until now, there are 39 families totalling to 204 people.

Kintak

The Kintak people live in the suburbs of the Gerik district, Hulu Perak. A long time ago, the Kintak people liked to live a nomadic life finding a suitable place for food source. Ever since the Government gave attention to the development of the people, the Kintak people now have an opportunity to change their way of life to be on par with the general public. There is one Kintak Village consisting of 25 families totalling to 112 people.

Lanoh

The Lanoh people lived in the rural parts of the Hulu Perak district, Perak. A long time ago, the Lanoh people liked to live a nomadic life finding a suitable place for food source. Ever since the Government gave attention to provide harmony for the people, the Lanoh people now have an opportunity to change their way of life to be on par with the general public. There are 3 villages totalling to 359 people.

Jahai

The Jahai Tribe is one of the Negrito Tribes that is the smallest tribe compared to the Senoi and Proto-Malay (Original Malay) tribes. They lived in Perak, especially in the Hulu Perak region which is in Banun, Tiang River and Temenggor Offshore Dams. In Kelantan, they were gathered in Rual and Jeli River in Hulu Kelantan.

The Jahai people generally looked like the Ethiopian and Negro people in Africa, the Andaman Tribe and the Aeta in the Philippines.

Most of them live in the estuary of the river and the lake shores. Their home is in the form of a bunch of bananas, built with bamboo and thatched sago and tepus leaves. The Jahai tribes like making their homes simple because of their nomadic way of life. They move from one place to another when there is death, unknown diseases, small disputes because of their need to find food and the increase in population.

Now, their nomadic life has reduced because they have received aid from the government agencies.

Mendriq

The Mendriq people live in the rural areas of Kelantan. A long time ago, the Mendriq people liked to move from one place to another in search for a suitable place for food source. Ever since the government gave attention to the harmonious living of the people, the Mendriq people now have an opportunity to change their way of life to be on par with the general public. There is one Mendriq village in the district of Gua Musang consisting of 14 families totalling to 82 people.

Bateq

The Bateq people lived in the northern rural areas of Pahang, the west of Terengganu and the south of Kelantan. A long time ago, the Bateq people liked to move around from one place to another in search for food. Ever since the government gave more attention to the harmonious living of the people, the Bateq people have an opportunity to change their way of life to be on par with the general public.

Pahang has 7 villages, 5 villages in the Lipis district, 2 villages in the Jerantut village totalling to 100 families with 550 people. Kelantan has 4 villages in Pos Lebir with 84 families totalling to 413 people. In Terengganu there 12 families totalling to 41 people.

Peta Taburan OA NEGRITO (1)

The Senoi people inhabited the slopes of Titiwangsa namely in the rural parts of Perak, Kelantan and Pahang. There are 6 tribes in the Senoi ethnic group which are Che Wong, Mahmeri, Jahut, Semoq Beri, Semai and Temiar

Temiar

The selection of housing by the Temiar Tribe is at a location determined by the headman. This is done by Berhalaq (spells) or dreams. Places that are to be occupied need to be away from burial grounds, free from hardwood existence such as the Merbau and etc. They also do not make settlements in marshy areas (water reservoirs) for fear of ghostly apparitions. That goes the same for areas with waterfalls and big rivers which are not suitable for the fear of the river princess/cascade that will cause disturbance to their homes. They build houses of wood (other than the hardwood species) together by mutual assistance. In the early stages of settlement, they built long houses. After a long time living in the long houses, they moved with their families and built their own homes. They support the family by farming, hunting and searching for forest plants.

Semai

The Semai Tribe lived scattered in the Titiwangsa Mountains area, covering the Centre of Perak, South of Perak and West of Pahang. The census in 1993 indicated their numbers with an increase by more than 42,000 people and is the Orang Asli tribe that has the largest in number. They live in communities. A village usually has between 60 – 300 people that are led by a headman or Batin, appointed from among influential people such as the handler, the medicine man and traditional leaders.

Semoq Beri

The Semoq Beri Tribe lived in the outskirts of Pahang and Terengganu. A long time ago the Semoq Beri people moved from one place to another finding a suitable place in search for food sources. Ever since the government gave attention to improving the economy of the people, the Semoq Beri people have begun to change their way of life to be on par with the general public.

In Pahang there are 5 villages in Jerantut totalling to 95 families and 735 people. The Maran District has 5 villages that consist of 197 families as many as 935 people and the Kuantan district has 2 villages amounting to 67 families with 366 people. In Terengganu there is 1 village at Hulu Terengganu with the total of 42 families with 185 people. The Kemaman District has a total of 2 villages consisting of 69 families with 284 people.

Jahut

The Jahut Tribe is situated in the Temerloh and Jerantut District in Pahang. In the Temerloh district they lived in the areas called the Kerdau-Paya Paleng, Paya Mengkuang, Kuala Krau – Penderas, Mendoi, Seboi, Pasu, Piau and Galong. In the Jerantut District they lived in the Kiol River and Kekwel (Kol). They support themselves by searching for rattan and resin to sell, aside from fishing, hunting and farming upland rice, corn and tuber.

Mah Meri

Mah Meri means “Forest People (Orang Hutan)” while in terms the Mah Meri is called “scaly”. They are also known as seamen because they live near to the sea and work as fishermen. There is no exact historical evidence about their origins, but they are believed to have emigrated from the islands of south of Johor to the beaches of Selangor while running away from enemies. Now, the Mah Meri community have undergone a change in their way of thinking and development by mixing with other communities.

Che Wong

The Che Wong people lived in the outskirts of the Raub and Temerloh District, Pahang. A long time ago, the Che Wong people liked to move around to find a suitable place to look for food sources. Ever since the government gave attention to the harmonious living of the people, the Che Wong People have an opportunity to live on par with the general public. The Raub District has 4 villages and the Jerantut district has 1 village totalling the Che Wong people to 68 families with 417 people.

Peta Taburan OA SENOI (1)

The Proto-Malay people lived neighbouring with the Malay people in Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka and Johor. Their customs and culture can be said to have certain similarities to the Malays. Most of their villages are now located in

Kuala

The Kuala people are believed to come from the Riau-Lingga archipelago and in areas that are close to the Sumatera beach, Indonesia. They are mostly living in the coastal rivers in the outskirt beaches of the south of Johor. Now the Kuala people live permanently in Batu Pahat district and in the Pontian district. There are 315 families of the Kuala people in the Batu Pahat district from 5 villages with a total of 1309 people and 4 villages with a total of 214 families with 1018 people in the Pontian district.

Kanaq

The Kanaq people are found in the outskirts of the Selangi village, Mawai district, Kota Tinggi, Johor and is one of the tribes with the smallest number of people which is 17 families with 65 people. Ever since the government gave attention to provide a harmonious life to the people, the Kanaq People live permanently in the Selangi village.

Seletar

The Seletar people or “Sea Gypsies” are a group of coastal and marine adventurers who live in boats, on the island, coastal areas and the river estuary. Their main settlement is in the coastal of Southern Johor and north of Singapore.

By tradition, they depend on sea produce. This situation leads to their itinerant life. However changes in the socio-economy has changed their way of life. Now, they are situated in a settlement that is organised and structured in the Coast of Southern Johor. They also catch fish using modern equipment. There are amongst them who work at industrial factories. They practise animism and there are amongst them that embrace Islamism.

Jakun

The Jakun Tribe (Ulu People), from the Melayu Asli tribes (Proto Malay) that live in the south of the Peninsular originating from Yunan (Southern China). They still practise animism. Their lives are influenced by the environment such as mountains, hills, valleys, rivers, rocks, caves, etc. They believe that their village would be stricken by natural disasters if any of them violates the superstitious beliefs.

Semelai

The Semelai People are one of the Orang Asli tribes that are from the Melayu Asli tribe (Proto Malay). The distribution of settlements of the Semelai Orang Asli can be found in Central Pahang such as the Bera Lake, Bera River, Teriang River, Paya Besar and Paya Badak areas as well as in the border of Pahang towards Negeri Sembilan such as in Serting River, Lui River and Ulu Muar. From the aspect of looks and physical form, the Orang Asli does not differ much from the Malay People.

Temuan

The Temuan Orang Asli people are from the Melayu Asli group (Proto Malay). They live in Selangor, Melaka, Pahang, Muar District, Johor and Negeri Sembilan. The Temuan Tribe in Negeri Sembilan practise the Pepatih Tradition and are not much different from the Temuan Tribe traditions in other states.

Peta Taburan OA PROTO-MALAY (1)

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