The Orang Asli community is a minority population in Malaysia. According to the census in 2006, the amount of Orang Asli people were 141,230 people. The socio-economic position of most Orang Asli people still lag behind in many areas, compared to the other races in Malaysia. In terms of the distribution of the Orang Asli settlements, the rural areas have 36.9%, 62.4% in the suburban areas and 0.7% in the urban areas.
In line with the objectives of Vision 2020, and the New Economic Policy, the Orang Asli community’s guidelines were reviewed to accelerate the improvement of the socio-economic status while maintaining their cultural identity.
In general, measures to develop the Orang Asli people are consistent with the principles and objectives of the National Principles and the New Economic Policy goals as well as the Outline Perspective Plan so that the development process can give them prosperity, security and integration with other communities. To achieve the intended objectives, the programs are planned and carried out according to the important guidelines as follows:-
- Act 134, Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954 (reviewed in 1974)
- Orang Asli Administration Policies 1961
- Cabinet of Ministries 1977’s Decision On Plans to Gather the Orang Asli Community that live scattered under the Regrouping Plan (RPS)
- Orang Asli Development duty guidelines in the modern society 1978.
- The program consists of six major projects, namely: –
- State Economic Development
- Course Development Project
- Entrepreneur Guidance
- Phase II State Land Development
- Construction Retail Space
- Rural Tourism
Hardcore Poor Housing Programme (PPRT)
Involving the allocation of RM47,400,000.00.
Housing Society Chairman
Involving the allocation of RM140,000.00.
Infrastructure and Public Utilities
Involving an allocation of RM3,392, 000.00.
Health and Medicine
Involving the allocation of RM470,000.00
Family and Community Development
Involving an allocation of RM 500,000.00.
Administration facility JAKOA
Involving the allocation of RM350,000.00.
Mind Development Program
Involving the allocation of RM1,588,000.00.
- Pahang – 7 RPS
- Silver – 6 RPS
- Kelantan – 3 RPS
2. Restructuring Village (PSK)
4. New Village Plan (RKB)
5. Land Development