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Portal Rasmi Jabatan Kemajuan Orang Asli (JAKOA)

Official Portal of Jabatan Kemajuan Orang Asli (JAKOA)


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Education Development Action Plan for Aboriginal Communities in Suburban Areas

The objective of this plan is to:

These target groups consist of four groups which are:

The purpose of pre-school education is to prepare a strong foundation before formal education begins. It is to enable children 5+ to obtain a solid early education and other skills as a preparation towards elementary school.

The purpose of elementary level education is to provide a strong foundation in the 3Rs which are Reading, Writing and Arithmetic; thinking skills, basic scientific concepts, art and recreation and the firm incorporation of good values. Pre-school and elementary education is the basis to development and expansion of the cognitive and affective domains and is in line with the aspirations of the National Education Philosophy.

Higher level education is an educational program that is comprehensive and of quality to Malaysian citizens from the age of 12+ year until 17+ years. At this level, stress is given towards skills in thinking critically and creatively by giving focus to general education at years 7 and 8 of schooling to ensure that students receive exposure to various fields of knowledge.

Tertiary education in a Malaysian education system context is after the mid to higher level education. At this level, tertiary education should be able to develop the minds of aboriginal children to be more critical, creative and innovative as well as able to develop the community and Country in a global competitive stage.

Attention will be given to youths that have been left behind from the schooling system and also parents who have never been schooled in order for them to realize the importance of education. Skill trainings that are appropriate with their interest as well as their abilities will be introduced so that they will be able to enter the labor force and other job opportunities.

The adult group can be separated into two categories which are:

For this category, programs such as the Aboriginal Women Movement, Family Well-Being Program, Skill and Entrepreneurial Trainings will be carried out.

For this category, skills, entrepreneurial, mind development, religious, and spiritual trainings as well as functional literacy education will be carried out. In addition, literacy programs will be increased for illiterate adults.

This action plan execution period will take time of five years starting from 2003 – 2007. In the year 2005, a re-evaluation will be conducted to evaluate its effectiveness.

The Execution of the Action Plan will be conducted by several Government agencies, Non-Government Organizations (NGO), Consultant, Private sectors and academicians. In carrying out this plan:

In the period of carrying out this plan, an allocation of RM6,171,000.00 was needed in order to carry out several programs/projects.

Program/project details are as follows in Attachment C.

  1. This planning plan was made collaboratively by JHEOA and the Department of Planning and Coordination, Ministry of Rural Development (KPLB).

  2. Objective
    • Prepare a plan that acts specifically in suburban areas in order to achieve the goal of educational development for aborigines in the years 2003 - 2007.
    • Prepare specific programs/activities and allocation needs in marginal areas.

  3. Target group program
    • Pre-school Level (5 – 6 years)
    • Elementary Level (7 – 12 years)
    • Higher Level (13 – 18 years)
    • Tertiary Level
    • Left Behind Level
    • Adult Groups
    • Women
    • All levels
  4. Action Plan Execution Period.
  5. Execution of Action Plan.
    • Government agencies will be greatly involved in programs/projects in the form of preparing educational infrastructure facilities;
    • The NGO's participation will be more focused on programs/projects of changing of minds;
    • The consultants' parties will be involved in programs/projects regarding studies such as plan re-evaluation studies and studies of programs/projects that were done through ‘outsourcing'..

  6. Allocation Needs
  7. Challenges


The achievements and success of this plan depends on several of the following factors:

  • A high commitment from the JHEOA officers and executive agencies;
  • Acceptance and active involvement of the aboriginal community;
  • Preparation of sufficient allocation;
  • Close and solid cooperation amongst the Government, Government Agencies, Non-Government Organizations (NGO), Private sectors and Consultants.